When it comes to hermit crabs, one of the most critical things you can do to ensure the health and wellness of your pet is setting up the right habitat or should we say crabitat.
Many pet stores offer small plastic “starter tanks.” Although they are sold for hermit crabs habitat, in reality they are much too small for full-time use. These pets enjoy exploring their environment, and need a larger home.
What’s The Right Size Home?
The appropriate size of the habitat depends on whether you plan to keep one or multiple crabs. They are surprisingly social; many crab owners keep a community of crabs in the same habitat. For a single crab, start with a ten gallon aquarium as a habitat.
A group of crabs need a habitat of 30 to 40 gallons, which will allow them plenty of room to hide, crawl, rest, and eat. Whichever size you choose, a screen cover with a secure latch will keep them from being harmed by children and pets while also preventing them from escaping.
Setting Up The Right Habitat
Setting up the habitat, whether you have one crab or a group of them is fairly simple. The first step is to line the bottom of the tank with three to four inches of substrate. Moist sand and coconut fiber bedding are the most popular choices. Make sure there’s enough in the bottom of the tank that your crabs can dig and burrow.
Tank Temperature And Humidity Level
Next, you’ll need to make sure you can keep the tank at the right temperature and humidity levels to mimic the crab’s natural environment. They need a warm, moist environment in order to thrive. The tank must be heated to 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. You may need a heat lamp to keep the tank at the appropriate temperature, and a thermometer to monitor it.
Hermit Crabs Need High Humidity To Breathe
The humidity requirements for are between 70 and 80 percent, which can be easily measured with a hygrometer. High humidity is necessary for your pet to be able to breathe. To increase the humidity, frequently mist the cage with a spray bottle, and keep the crab’s water dishes full at all times to increase evaporation.
Two Separate Water Dishes
Speaking of water, your new pet will need two separate water dishes. One, with salt water, is for bathing, while the other contains fresh water for drinking. You’ll need a total of three shallow dishes for the water and for food. Other accessories which are necessary for a happy habitat include climbing toys, rocks, driftwood, and other tank decorations.
Hermit Crabs Love Exploring
They love to climb, hide, and explore their environment, and will get bored if the only things in their habitat are food and water dishes. Finally, the last essential in your habitat is a selection of shells to move into as your crab outgrows its existing shell.
Live Long Healthy Lives In The Right Environment
Even though these little guys are small and inexpensive pets, they can live for 20 years or more in the right environment. When treated properly and kept in the right enclosure, with optimum humidity and temperature levels, your new pet crab can live a long and healthy life in your home.